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Seraphim of Sarov

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{{cleanup}}[[Image:Seraphim of Sarov.jpg|right|frame|St. Seraphim of Sarov]]Saint Our father among the saints '''Seraphim of Sarov''' was born on July 19, 1754. His parents, Isidore and Agathia Moshnin a Russian [[ascetic]] who lived at the Sarov Monastery in Kursk, Russia; Isidore was a merchant. At the age of 10, he became seriously ill. During the course of his illness18th century, he saw the Mother of God in his sleep, who promised to heal him. Several days later there was and is considered a religious procession in Kursk with the locally revered miracle[[wonder-working icon of the Mother of Godworker]]. Due to bad weather, the procession took an abbreviated route past the house of the Moshnin family The Church commemorates St. After his mother put Seraphim up to the miracle-working imageon [[January 2]], he recovered rapidly. While at a young age, he needed to help his parents with their shop, but business had little appeal for him. Young Seraphim loved to read and the lives opening of the saints, to attend church and to withdraw into seclusion for prayerhis [[relics]] on [[July 19]].
==Life==St. Seraphim was born on [[July 19]], 1754. His parents, Isidore and Agathia Moshnin, lived in Kursk, Russia; Isidore was a merchant. At the age of 1810, Seraphim firmly decided became seriously ill. During the course of his illness, he saw the [[Mother of God]] in his sleep, who promised to become heal him. Several days later there was a monkreligious procession in Kursk with the locally revered [[miracle]]-working [[icon]] of the Mother of God. His Due to bad weather, the procession took an abbreviated route past the house of the Moshnin family. After his mother blessed him with put Seraphim up to the miracle-working image, he recovered rapidly. While at a large copper crucifixyoung age, which he wore over needed to help his clothing all his lifeparents with their shop, but business had little appeal for him. After thisYoung Seraphim loved to read the [[hagiography|lives of the saints]], to attend church, he entered the Sarov monastery as a noviceand to withdraw into seclusion for [[prayer]].
From day one in At the monasteryage of 18, exceptional abstinence from food and slumber were the distinguishing features of his lifeSeraphim firmly decided to become a [[monk]]. He ate once His mother blessed him with a daylarge copper [[crucifix]], and little. On Wednesdays and Fridays which he ate nothingwore over his clothing all his life. After asking the blessing of his starets (i.e., a spiritual elder)this, he began to withdraw often into entered the forest for prayer and religious contemplation. He became severely ill again soon after, and was forced to spend most of the course of the next three years lying downSarov [[monastery]] as a [[novice]].
StFrom day one in the monastery, exceptional abstinence from food and slumber were the distinguishing features of his life. Seraphim was He ate once again healed by a day, and little. On Wednesdays and Fridays he ate nothing. After asking the Most Holy Virgin Maryblessing of his [[starets]], Who appeared to him accompanied by several saintsi.e. Pointing , a spiritual elder, he began to withdraw often into the venerable Seraphimforest for prayer and religious contemplation. He became severely ill again soon after, The Holy Virgin said and was forced to spend most of the apostle John course of the Theologian: "He is of our lineage." Then, by touching his side with Her staff, She healed himnext three years lying down.
His taking of the monastic vows occurred in 1786, when he was 27 years oldSt. He was given the name Seraphim, which in Hebrew means "fiery," or "burning." He was soon made a hierodeacon. He justified his name once again healed by his extraordinarily burning prayer. He spent all of his time, save for the very shortest of restsMost Holy Virgin Mary, in churchwho appeared to him accompanied by several saints. Through such prayer and Pointing to the labors of religious services, [[venerable]] Seraphim became worthy to see angels, both serving and singing in church. During the liturgy on Holy Thursday, he saw the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, in Virgin said to the form of [[Apostle]] [[John the Son Theologian]]: "He is of manour lineage." Then, proceeding into the Church by touching his side with the Heavenly host and blessing those praying. The saint could not speak for a long time after being struck by this visionher staff,she healed him.
In 1793His taking of the monastic vows occurred in 1786, Stwhen he was 27 years old. He was given the name Seraphim was ordained a hieromonk, after which he served every day and received Holy Communion for a year. St. Seraphim then began to withdraw into his in Hebrew means "fiery,"farther hermitageor " — the forest wilderness about five kilometers from Sarov Monasteryburning. " He achieved great perfection at this timewas soon made a [[hierodeacon]]. Wild animals — bears, rabbits, wolves, foxes and others — came to the hut of the asceticHe justified his name by his extraordinarily burning prayer. The staritsa (i.e., eldress) He spent all of the Diveevo monasteryhis time, Matrona Plescheeva, witnessed how St. Seraphim fed a bear that had come to him out of his hand: "The face of save for the great starets was particularly miraculous. It was joyous and bright, as that very shortest of an angelrests," she described. While living in this little hermitage of his, Stchurch. Seraphim once suffered greatly at Through such prayer and the hands labors of robbers. Although he was physically very strong and was holding an axe at the timereligious services, St. Seraphim did not resist them. In answer became worthy to their threats and their demands for money, he lay his axe down on the groundsee [[angel]]s, crossed his arms on his chest both serving and obediently gave himself up to themsinging in church. They began to beat him During the [[Liturgy]] on the head with the handle of his own axe. Blood began to pour out of his mouth and ears[[Holy Thursday]], and he fell unconscious. After that they began to hit him with a log, trampled him under footsaw the Lord [[Jesus Christ]] Himself, and dragged him along the ground. They stopped beating him only when they had decided that he had died. The only treasure which the robbers found in his cell was the icon form of the Mother Son of God of Deep Emotion (Ymileniye), before which he always prayed. When, after some timeman, proceeding into the Church with the robbers were caught Heavenly host and brought to justice, the holy monk interceded on their behalf before the judgeblessing those praying. After the beating, St. Seraphim remained hunched over The saint could not speak for the rest of his lifea long time after being struck by this vision.
In 1793, St. Seraphim was [[ordain]]ed a [[hieromonk]], after which he served every day and received [[Holy Communion]] for a year. St. Seraphim then began to withdraw into his "farther [[hermitage]]"—the forest wilderness about five km from Sarov Monastery. He achieved great perfection at this time. Wild animals—bears, rabbits, wolves, foxes and others—came to the hut of the ascetic. The staritsa, i.e., eldress, of the Diveevo monastery, Matrona Plescheeva, witnessed how St. Seraphim fed a bear that had come to him out of his hand: "The face of the great starets was particularly miraculous. It was joyous and bright, as that of an angel," she described. While living in this little hermitage of his, St. Seraphim once suffered greatly at the hands of robbers. Although he was physically very strong and was holding an axe at the time, St. Seraphim did not resist them. In answer to their threats and their demands for money, he lay his axe down on the ground, crossed his arms on his chest and obediently gave himself up to them. They began to beat him on the head with the handle of his own axe. Blood began to pour out of his mouth and ears, and he fell unconscious. After that they began to hit him with a log, trampled him under foot, and dragged him along the ground. They stopped beating him only when they had decided that he had died. The only treasure which the robbers found in his cell was the icon of the Mother of God of Deep Emotion (Ymileniye), before which he always prayed. When, after some time, the robbers were caught and brought to justice, the holy monk interceded on their behalf before the judge. After the beating, St. Seraphim remained hunched over for the rest of his life. Soon after this began the "[[stylite|pillar]]" period of the life of St. Seraphim, when he spent his days on a rock near his little hermitage, and nights in the thick of the forest. He prayed with his arms raised to heaven, almost without respite. This feat of his continued for a thousand days.
Because of a special vision of the Mother of God he was given toward the end of his life, St. Seraphim took upon himself the feat of becoming an elder. He began to admit everyone who came to him for advice and direction. Many thousands of people from all walks of life and conditions began to visit the elder now, who enriched them from his spiritual treasures, which he had acquired by many years of efforts. Everyone saw St. Seraphim as meek, joyful, pensively sincere. He greeted all with the words: "My joy!" To many he advised: "Acquire a peaceful spirit, and around you thousands will be saved." No matter who came to him, the starets bowed to the ground before all, and, in blessing, kissed their hands. He did not need the visitors to tell about themselves, as he could see what each had on their soul. He also said, "Cheerfulness is not a sin. It drives away weariness, for from weariness there is sometimes dejection, and there is nothing worse than that."
"Oh, if you only knew," he once said to a monk, "what joy, what sweetness awaits a righteous soul in [[Heaven]]! You would decide in this mortal life to bear any sorrows, persecutions and slander with gratitude. If this very cell of ours was filled with worms, and these worms were to eat our flesh for our entire life on earth, we should agree to it with total desire, in order not to lose, by any chance, that heavenly joy which God has prepared for those who love Him."
The miraculous transfiguration of the starets’ starets' face was described by a close admirer and follower of St. Seraphim : Motovilov. This happened during the winter, on a cloudy day. Motovilov was sitting on a stump in the woods; St. Seraphim was squatting across from him and telling his pupil the meaning of a Christian life, explaining for what we Christians live on earth.
"It is necessary that the [[Holy Spirit ]] enter our heart. Everything good that we do, that we do for Christ, is given to us by the Holy Spirit, but prayer most of all, which is always available to us," he said.
"Father," answered Motovilov, "how can I see the grace of the Holy Spirit? How can I know if He is with me or not?"
Thus Motovilov understood, in mind and heart, what the descent of the Holy Spirit and His transfiguration of a person meant.
 
The days of the commemoration of St. Seraphim are August 1 and January 15 (July 19 and January 2 by the church calendar).
== Hymns ==
[[Troparion]] (Tone 4)
:Thou didst love Christ from thy youth, O blessed one,
:and longing to work for Him alone thou didst struggle in the wilderness with constant prayer and labor.
:With penitent heart and great love for Christ thou wast favored by the Mother of God.
:Wherefore we cry to thee:
:Save us by thy prayers, O Seraphim our [[righteous]] Father.
Troparion [[Kontakion]] (Tone 2):Having left the beauty of Stthe world and what is corrupt in it, O saint,:thou didst settle in Sarov Monastery. :And having lived there an angelic life,:thou wast for many the way to salvation.:Wherefore Christ has glorified thee, O Father Seraphim, Tone 4:and has enriched thee with the gift of healing and miracles.:And so we cry to thee::Rejoice, O Seraphim, our righteous Father.
Thou didst love Christ from thy youth, O blessed one,==Source==*[http:// and longing to work for Him alone thou didst struggle in the wilderness with constant prayer and laborwww.russian-orthodox-church.org.uk/ With penitent heart and great love for Christ thou wast favored by the Mother WHO%20IS%20ST.%20SERAPHIM.htm St. Seraphim of God./ Wherefore we cry to theeSarov:/ Save us Life and Teachings] by thy prayersBishop Alexander (Mileant), O Seraphim our righteous Father.translated by Nicholas and Natalia Semyanko
Kontakion ==External Links==*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100008 Repose of the Venerable Seraphim the Wonderworker of Sarov] ([[OCA]])*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102053 Uncovering of the relics of the Venerable Seraphim of Sarov] (OCA)*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102122 Icon of the Mother of God "of Tenderness" from Seraphim-Diveyevo] which belonged to St. Seraphim (OCA)*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=366 Seraphim the Wonderworker of Sarov] ([[GOARCH]])*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=696 Translation of the Holy Relics of Righteous Seraphim of Sarov]] (GOARCH)*Icons of St. Seraphimat Come and See Icons: [http://www.comeandseeicons.com/svp01.htm], Tone 2[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/inp100.htm], and [http://www.comeandseeicons.com/phn53.htm] (the latter two by the hand of Nicholas Papas)
Having left the beauty of the world and what is corrupt in it, O saint,/ thou didst settle in Sarov Monastery./ And having lived there an angelic life,/ thou wast for many the way to salvation./ Wherefore Christ has glorified thee, O Father Seraphim,/ and has enriched thee with the gift of healing and miracles./ And so we cry to thee[[Category:/ Rejoice, O Seraphim, our righteous Father.Monastics]][[Category:Russian Saints]][[Category:Saints]]
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