[[fr:Hagiographie]]'''Hagiography''' is the study of [[saint]]s.
A '' hagiography'' refers literally to writings on the subject of such holy persons; and specifically, the [[biography]] of [[ ecclesiastic]]al and [[secular]] leaders, [[canonize]]d by the [[Christian Church ]].
*''Hagiology'', by contrast, is the study of saints collectively, without focusing on the life of an individual saint.
==Development of hagiography==
Hagiography comprised an important [[literature|literary]] [[genre]] in the early millennia of the [[Christianity|Christian]] [[church]], providing informational [[history]] as well as inspirational stories and [[legend]]s. A hagiographic account of an individual saint can comprise a [[vita]].
The [[genre]] of lives of the [[saint]]s first came into being in the [[ Roman Empire]] as [[ legend]] s about [[ Christian]] [[martyr]]s and were called [[martyrologies]]. In the [[4th century]], there were 3 main types of [[ catalog]]s of lives of the saints :
*[[annual]] [[calendar]] catalog, or ''menaion'' (in [[Greek ]], "menaios" means "month") (biographies of the saints to be read at [[sermon]]s); *''synaxarion'', or a short [[version]] of lives of the saints, arranged by dates; *'' paterikon'' ( in Greek, " pater" means "father"), or biography of the specific saints, chosen by the catalog compiler.
In [[Western Europe]] hagiography was one of the more important areas in the study of history during the [[Middle Ages]]. The ''[[ Golden Legend]]'' of [[Jacob de Voragine]] compiled a great deal of mediæval hagiographic material, with a strong emphasis on [[ miracle]] tales.
The [[Bollandists|Bollandist]] tradition continues the study, academic assembly, appraisal and publication of materials relating to the [[personal life|lives ]] of Christian saints. (See ''[[Acta Sanctorum]]''. )
In the [[10th century]], a [[Byzantine]] [[monk]] [[Simeon Metaphrastes]] was the first one to change the genre of lives of the saints into something different, giving it a moralizing and [[panegyric]]al character. His catalog of lives of the saints became the [[standard]] for all of the [[Western]] and [[Eastern]] [[hagiographer]]s, who would create relative biographies and images of the ideal saints by gradually departing from the real facts of their lives. Over the years, the genre of lives of the saints had absorbed a number of narrative plots and poetic images (often, of pre-Christian origin, such as [ [dragon]] fighting etc. ), [[mediaeval]] [[parable] ]s, short stories and [[anecdote]]s.
The genre of lives of the saints was brought to [[ Russia]] by the [[South Slavs]] together with [[writing]] and also in [[translation]]s from the [[Greek language]]. In the [ [11th century]], the [[Russians]] began to compile the original life stories of the first Russian "saints", e. g. [[Boris and Gleb]], [[Theodosius Pechersky]] etc. In the [[16th century]] , [[Metropolitan Macarius]] expanded the list of the Russian "saints" and supervised the compiling process of their life stories. They would all be compiled in the so called ''Velikiye chet’yi-minei'' catalog (Великие Четьи-Минеи, or Grand monthly readings) , consisting of 12 [[volume]]s in accordance with each month of the year.
The genre of lives of the saints was often used as an ecclesiastic and [[political]] [[propaganda]]. Today, the works in this genre represent a valuable historical source and reflection of different social ideas, world outlook and [[aesthetic] ] [[concept]]s of the past.
* ''Article adapted from [[Wikipedia:Hagiography|Wikipedia]]
== External links ==
*[ http: //www.kbr.be/~socboll/ Societé des Bollandistes]