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Nikolai Berdyaev

1,344 bytes added, 16:11, March 3, 2020
Writings: corrected alphabetical order
'''Nikolai Aleksandrovich Berdyaev''' (Николай Александрович Бердяев) (1874-1948) was a prominent Russian Orthodox religious philosopher. Various historical spellings of his last name in English have also been "Berdiaev" and "Berdiaeff", and of his Baptismal name "Nicolas" and "Nicholas". [[Image:bers.JPG|right|thumb| Russian Religious Philosopher N. A. Berdyaev]]
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Berdyaev was born at Kiev on [[March 18]] (O.S. March 6), 1874, of an aristocratic family. His father, an officer in the Imperial Guard, was from a military family. His mother, Princess Kudashev, was a Polish noblewoman who was half French.
He disliked military school and began studying law at the University of Kiev in 1894. He became a Marxist while at university and was exiled to Vologda in northern Russia in 1898-1901. Returning to Kiev, he became friends with [[Sergius Bulgakov]], who was an economics professor at the time. He studied for a term at the University of Heidelberg in 1903, but returned to Russia where he married Lydia YudifovnaTrusheff. The couple established their home in St Petersburg. There, Berdyaev assisted Bulgakov with editing the journal, ''Novi Put'' (The New Way).
The family moved to Moscow where they were to remain for 14 years. Berdyaev received an appointment as a philosophy professor at the University of Moscow in 1920, but his independence led to his being jailed twice and finally expelled by the Soviet government in 1922. He moved to Berlin, where he taught for two years before relocating to Clamart, near Paris. He established the Religious–Philosophical Academy and started a journal dedicated to religious philosophy, ''Put'' (The Way). This gave him the opportunity to renew his friendship with Bulgakov, who had become the dean of the [[St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute (Paris, France)|St. Sergius Institute]].
==Writings==
*''Aleksei Stepanovich Khomyakov'' (1912), ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2017). ISBN 9780996399258
*''Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914-1922'' (2017) ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2017). ISBN 9780996399272, ISBN 9780996399289.
*''The Beginning and the End'' (Harper, 1957).
*''The Bourgeois Mind and Other Essays'' (Sheed & Ward, 1934).
*''Christianity and Anti-Semitism'' (Philosophical Library, 1954).
*''The Crisis of Art'' (1918),([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2018). ISBN 9780996399296, ISBN 9780999197905.
*''The Destiny of Man'' (Scribner, 1960).
*''Dostoevsky'' (Meridian, 1957).
*''The End of Our Time'' (Sheed & Ward, 1933).
*''The Fate of Man in the Modern World'' (Hesperides Press, 2006). ISBN 978-1406734300.
*''The Fate of Russia'' (1918), ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2016). ISBN 9780996399241
*''Freedom and the Spirit'' (G. Bles, 1944).
*''The Meaning of the Creative Act'' (Colier, 1962).
*''The Meaning of History'' (Transaction Publishers, 2006). ISBN 978-1412804974.
*''The Origin of Russian Communism'' (University of Michigan Press, 1960). ISBN 978-0472060344.
*''The Philosophy of Freedom'' (1911), ([http://www.berdyaev.com frsj Publications, 2020]. ISBN 9780999197943, ISBN 9780999197950.
*''The Philosophy of Inequality'' (1923) ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2015). ISBN 978-0-9963992-0-3
*''The Russian Revolution'' (University of Michigan Press, 1961).
*''Slavery and Freedom'' (Scribner, 1975). ISBN 978-0684717111.
*''Solitude and Society'' (Centenary, 1938).
*''Spirit and Reality'' (G. Bles, 1946).
*''The Spiritual Crisis of the Intelligentsia'' (1910), ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2014/2015). ISBN 978-0-9963992-1-0.
*''Sub specie aeternitatis: Articles Philosophic, Social and Literary (1900-1906)'' (1907), ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2019). ISBN 9780999197929, ISBN 9780999197936.
*''Truth and Revelation'' (G. Bles, 1953).
*''The Spiritual Crisis of the Intelligentsia'' (1910), ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2014/2015). ISBN 978-0-9963992-1-0.
*''The Philosophy of Inequality'' (1923) ([http://www.berdyaev.com/bookfind.html frsj Publications], 2015). ISBN 978-0-9963992-0-3
 
==Studies==
*Matthew Spinka, ''Nicolas Berdyaev: Captive of Freedom'' (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1950).
*Michel Alexander Vallon, ''An Apostle of Freedom: Life and Teachings of Nicolas Berdyaev'' (Philosophical Library, 1960).
*Donald A. Lowrie, ''Rebellious Prophet: A Life of Nicolai Berdyaev'' (Harper & Brothers, 1960).
==External links==
[http://www.berdyaev.com/ Berdyaev Online Bibliotek Library]
 
[http://www.berdyaev.com/berdiaev/FrMen'/berdyaev.html Fr Aleksandr Men' "Lecture on Berdyaev"]
[[Category:Modern Writers]]
[[ro:Nikolai Berdiaev]]
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