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Anthimus I of Constantinople

563 bytes added, 09:26, September 4, 2014
Update to remove offensive language and note Patriarch Anthimus' veneration as a saint.
{{oriental}} St. '''Anthimus I of Constantinople''', also '''Anthimus of Trebizond''', was the Patriarch of Constantinople during the years 535 and 536. While harboring Monophysite sympathiesAlthough sympathetic to the [[Miaphysitism|anti-Chalcedon]] cause, he was elected [[patriarch]] avowing support of the Orthodox Christian party[[Fourth Ecumenical Council|pro-Chalcedon]] faction in the Church. Subsequently, he He was subsequently [[deposition|deposed]] after his sympathies for [[Monophysitism]] the anti-Chalcedon cause became openknown.
==Life==
The early life of St. Anthimus is largely unknown. He was the Bishop of Trebizond before he became the Patriarch of Constantinople. In 532, he had participated in meetings at Constantinople concerning religious and political unity between the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire. While outwardly supporting the Orthodox pro-Chalcedon party concerning the ongoing Monophysite controversyover the council, St. Anthimus corresponded with Patriarchs St. [[Severus of Antioch]] and Theodosius of Alexandria , who were key leaders of the principal theoreticians of anti-Chalcedon movement within the monotheistic [[heresy]]Eastern Churches.
After the death of Patr. Patriarch Epiphanius in June 535, the empress Empress St. [[Theodora (wife of Justinian)|Theodora]], who was sympathetic to MonophysitismMiaphysitism, maneuvered orchestrated the appointment of St. Anthimus as patriarch of Constantinople over the objections of the Orthodox pro-Chalcedon [[clergy]]. While appearing to maintain Orthodoxy in his relations openly maintaining communion with pro-Chalcedon Pope [[Agapetus I of Rome]], St. Anthimus secretly continued to quietly supported the Monophysite causeresistance to Chalcedon. In March 536, Pope Agapetus visited Constantinople and discovered PatrSt. Anthimus' true position sympathies as upon his arrival members of the clergy entered charges against Anthimus him as an intruder and a [[heretic]]. After St. Anthimus refused to make a written profession of faith, Agapetus broke off ecclesiastical communion with the patriarch and, then, convened a [[synod]] that deposed him and nullified his ministerial poweras patriarch.
==Deposition and Repose==After St. Anthimus was condemned at council in Constantinopleand deposed, he entered into monastic seclusion under the protection of empress Theodora until her death in 548. While in retirement he concelebrated the consecration of St. [[Jacob Baradaeus]] to the episcopacy, thus playing a key role in the survival of the hierarchy of the [[Church of Antioch (Syriac)|Syriac Orthodox Church]]. The date of his death repose is unknown. St. Anthimus is recognized as a saint by the [[Church of Armenia|Armenian]], [[Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church|Malankara]], and Syriac Orthodox Churches.
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*[[Wikipedia:Patriarch_Anthimus_I_of_Constantinople]]
[[Category:6th-century bishops]]
[[Category: Bishops]]
[[Category:6thBishops of Trebizond]][[Category:Non-century bishopsChalcedonian Saints]][[Category: HereticsOriental Orthodox]]
[[Category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
[[Category: Bishops of Trebizond]]
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