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Judas Iscariot

1,844 bytes added, 17:48, June 10, 2014
Theological meaning: Added explanation about Judas in the Matins of Holy Friday
==Theological meaning==
The betrayal of Christ was foretold in the [[prophet]]s of the Old Testament, Jeremiah and Zachariah.
In the prayers of preparation before receiving the Holy Eucharist, he is contrasted with the the thief who confessed Christ on the cross: "I will not reveal your mysteries to your enemies, neither like Judas will I betray you with a kiss, but like the thief on the cross I will confess you: 'Remember me, Lord, when You come into Your Kingdom.'"
In the services of [[Holy Week|Holy Wednesday]], Judas is contrasted with the sinful woman who anointed Jesus with costly perfume (Matthew 26:6-13).
In Judas is featured prominently in the prayers [[Matins|Matins]] of Holy Friday. The first part of preparation before receiving the Matins service that is specific to Holy EucharistFriday begins with solemnly singing this [[Troparion|Troparion]] three times:  :''When the glorious disciples were enlightened at the washing of the feet, then Judas the ungodly was stricken and darkened with the love of money; and to lawless judges he delivered you, the just judge. O lover of money, look upon him who for its sake hanged himself; flee from the insatiable soul, which dared such things against the Teacher. O you who are good to all, Lord, glory to you.'' The darkening of Judas' [[Nous|nouse]] is contrasted expounded upon with the reoccurring refrain, "Judas did not understand" which appears throughout [[Antiphon|Antiphon]] III. While elaborating on the thief who confessed Christ on betrayal, the cross: "I will listener is admonished not reveal your mysteries follow in the footsteps of Judas and succumb to avarice to your enemiesavoid suffering the same fate.  The hymn before the reading of the Third [[Gospel_Book|Gospel]] (wherein the act of betrayal takes place) about his motive::''What was it, neither like Judas will I betray , that made you into the betrayer of the Saviour? Did he separate you from the choir of the Apostles? Did he deprive you of the gift of healings? When he supped with a kissthem, but like did he thrust you from the thief on table? When he washed the cross I will confess others’ feet, did he despise yours? Oh of how many good things have you: become forgetful! Your ungrateful intent is condemned, while his measureless long-suffering is proclaimed, and his great mercy.'' Once Jesus is betrayed by Judas'Remember me, Lordkiss, he is only mentioned in the hymnography once more just before the reading of the Fourth Gospel. The last mentioning of his name in the service is during the reading of the Fifth Gospel when You come into Your KingdomJudas attempts to return the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders and then hangs himself.'"
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