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George (Gathuna) of Nitria

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[[File:George (Gathuna) of Nitria.jpg|right|thumb|320px|His Grace, Bishop George (Gathuna) of Nitria.]]His Grace Bishop '''George Arthur Gathuna''' or '''Kaduna''' (Γεώργιος Άρθουρ Γκαντούνα), also known as '''Niphon Kigundu'''; died 1905 - July 16, 1987) , was the bishop of [[w:Nitria|Nitria]] of the [[Archdiocese of Kenya]] from 1973-1979 under the [[Church of Alexandria]].
== Biography ==
In June 1937 he was ordained as a priest by Bishop [[Daniel William Alexander]].
In the 1930s a spontaneous movement of indigenous Africans towards the Orthodox Church began in Uganda under the leadership of a former Anglican, [[Reuben Spartas]]. In 1946 the fathers Spartas and Obadiah visiting Kenya. On their own autonomous motivation the "African Orthodox Church of Kenya" comes came into communion with the Patriarchate of Alexandria and the head of this Church Arthur Kaduna was ordained the first Kenyan Orthodox priest named George.
Also in the 1950s, fought, along with many orthodox priests in the movement for independence from colonial Kenya (At the same time, the protestant and catholic priests called the uprising a rebellion of pagans and savages). Kaduna spent 10 years in prison, along with leader of the Kikuyu tribe and country's future president [[w:Jomo Kenyatta|Jomo Kenyatta]].
The Orthodox communities in East Africa that had been founded under his leadership were organized into the Metropolis of Irinoupolis with headquarters in Nairobi in 1958. He was first Bishop of Kenya and the first Kenyan Missionary to the people of Bunyore.
17th November 1986 he was was reconsecrated as the Bishop of the African Orthodox Church of Kenya, Given the name Niphon Kigundu.
On July 16, 1987, the defrocked Bishop George (Arthur) Gathuna reposed, and his burial was attended by Metropolitan Cyprianos from the Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Greece.
Eventually however, the schism was healed, and on [[November 1]], 2006, Bishop George Gathuna of Nitria was reinstated posthumously by Patriarch [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodoros II]] and the Holy Synod of the Patriarchate of Alexandria.
* Amos Masaba Akunda [http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/6428/thesis_akunda_am.pdf?sequence=1 Orthodox Christian dialogue with Banyore culture]
* [http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/hierarchs/alexandria/bios/bio_george_gathuna_bishop_nitria.html GEORGE (Gathuna), Bishop of Nitria]. Orthodox Research Institute. Retrieved: 2013-04-19.
* [https://www.facebook.com/events/256778567755157/?source=1 Memorial service of the late Bishop George Athur Gatung'u Gathuna]
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