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Ukrainian Orthodox Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand
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A summary of the history and current state of the Ukrainian Orthodox Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand of the Ecumenical Patriarchate (formerly of the UAOC).
The '''Ukrainian Orthodox Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand''' is a [[diocese]] of the [[Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA|Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Diaspora]] under the [[Ecumenical Patriarchate|Church of Constantinople]]. It is currently led by [[Archbishop]] [[John (Derewianka) of Parnassus]] and includes former parishes of the [[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]] in Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
What was to become the Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand has its beginnings in the influx of Ukrainians into the Western Europe following the defeat of Germany during World War II and the Soviet reoccupation of Ukraine. At that time thousands of Ukrainians, including [[bishop|hierarchs]] and clergy of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, fled to the West to escape the Soviets. In July 1945 the first council (sobor) of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Abroad was held in Germany to organize the life of the church in the West.
Germany was initially the center of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Abroad due to the vibrant parish life fostered by the influx of immigration from Ukraine. As these immigrants continued on to North America and even Australia and New Zealand, however, the size of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Western Europe declined, and by the 1950s most of its hierarchy had relocated to North America, leaving two bishops, Metropolitan [[Polycarp (Sikorsky) of Lutsk]] and Archbishop [[Nicanor (Abramovych) of Chyhyryn]], to care for the Ukrainian Orthodox Christians remaining in Western Europe.
The Ukrainian Orthodox in Western Europe were divided between the two bishops, with Archbishop Nicanor supervising the remaining parishes in Germany and Metropolitan Polycarp, who had headed the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Ukraine during the war years under the oversight of Metropolitan [[Dionysius (Waledynski) of Warsaw]], overseeing its communities in the rest of Western Europe as well as its fledgling parishes in Australia and New Zealand. At the 1952 council of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Paris Archbishop Nicanor was elevated to the rank of [[metropolitan]] and designated as the 'deputy metropolitan' of the jurisdiction's first hierarch, Metropolitan Polycarp.
When Metropolitan Polycarp reposed on 22 October 1953 Metropolitan Nicanor was elected first hierarch of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, with the North America-based Bishop [[Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Kiev|Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Pereyaslav]] being elected deputy metropolitan in 1956.
On 27 October 1991 Archimandrite John (Derewianka) was consecrated Bishop of London and Great Britain, in 1999 being placed over all the Ukrainian Orthodox parishes in Western Europe and in 2000 being given care of the Ukrainian Orthodox in Australia and New Zealand as well.
The Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand currently consists of 10 parishes in Australia, 8 parishes in the United Kingdom, 8 parishes and missions in Germany, 2 parishes in Belgium, 2 parishes in France, and 1 parish in New Zealand. Although both the diocesan cathedral and consistory are located in London the diocese's ruling bishop currently resides in Genk, Belgium.
*[http://www.uaoc-diaspora.com/Vidomosti/Vidomosti2011(1).pdf The Church News] (Ukrainian)
*[http://www.uaoc-diaspora.com/index.htm Ukrainian Orthodox Eparchy of Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand] (Ukrainian)
[[Category:Ecumenical Patriarchate Dioceses]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Australia]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in New Zealand]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Western Europe]]
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