Originally, Saint Eugenios was a pearl-fisher from the island Clysma or Kolzum near Suez in Egypt. After having worked for 25 years, he joined the monastery of [[Pachomius the Great]] in Upper Egypt, where he worked as a baker. He is reported to have possessed spiritual gifts and worked
miracles, and drawn some following from among the [[monk]]s.
About 70 monks accompanied him when he left Egypt for Mesopotamia, where he founded a monastery on [[w:Mount Izla|Mount Izla]] above the city of [[w:Nusaybin|Nisibis]].
The location was well chosen, for Nisibis lay on the eastern edge of the Roman Empire, which had just embraced [[ Introduction to Orthodox Christianity| Christianity]] as the official religion. The rest of Mesopotamia was under Sassanid rule, which tried to revive the [[w: Zoroastrian| Zoroastrian]] religion and occasionally persecuted the Christian population.
The community on Mt. Izla grew rapidly, and from here other monasteries were founded throughout Mesopotamia, [[Assyrian Church of the East|Persia]], [[Church of Armenia|Armenia]], [[Church of Georgia|Georgia]], and even [[Church of India|India]] and [[Church of China|China]].