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Job of Pochaev

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[[File:Jov2.jpg|right|thumb|235px|Saint Job of Pochaev.]]
The Venerable '''Job of Pochaev''', Abbot and Wonderworker of Pochaev, was a [[monasticism|monastic]] and [[abbot]] of the [[Pochaev Lavra of the Dormition of the Theotokos|Pochaev Lavra]] in Volhynia for fifty years, He defended Orthodoxy against the persecutions engendered in the [[Union of Brest]]. He was a quiet ascetic, yet a prolific writer who used the new printing press to teach and reach the faithful. He is commemorated on [[October 28]], the date of his repose, and [[August 28]], the date of the uncovering of his relics.
==Life==
The future [[saint]] Job was born Ivan Zhelezo in 1551 to pious parents, Ioann and Agafia, in Pokut’a in Galicia, near the city of Kolomia. As a child he developed high spiritual aspirations, and used the lives of Ss [[Sabbas the Sanctified|Sava ]] and [[John of Damascus ]] as well as the “Ladder” “[[The Ladder of Divine Ascent|Ladder]]” of St [[John Climacus ]] as models of virtuous life.
At the age of ten, Ivan left his parents and asked the abbot of the [[Transfiguration ]] Ugornits [[Monastery]], in the village of Pidhora near the town of [[w:Terebovl|Terebovlya]], to accept him so that he could serve his “brothers.” He was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]] two years later, at the age of 12, and was given the name Job. He lived a life of great piety and strict asceticism. About 1581, when he reached the age of 31, he was offered and accepted the dignity of the [[priestasceticism]]hood. At about the same time he accepted the urgings of Prince Constantine of Ostrozhsh, who was famed as a defender of Orthodoxy, to become abbot of the Monastery of the Exaltation of the Cross outside the city of Dubno.
For the next twenty yearsAbout 1581, Hieromonk Job served as when he reached the the abbot (hegumen) age of this monastery 31, he was offered and engaged himself in writing and publishing theological works in an atmosphere accepted the dignity of increased tensions. These tensions between the Orthodox and Roman Catholics heightened after the [[Union of Brestpriest]] in 1596hood. His works were collected into ''The Book At about the same time he accepted the urgings of the Venerable Job Prince Constantine of PochaevOstrozhsh, Written by His Own Hand''. The book contained 80 teachingswho was famed as a defender of Orthodoxy, conversations, and sermons as well as excerpts to become [[abbot]] of the Monastery of writings from the [[Elevation of the Holy FathersCross]]. In his writings Fr. Job also defended Orthodoxy against outside the Protestant city of [[Heresyw:Dubno|heresiesDubno]] presented by missionaries. In his works he presented the Orthodox view of the dogmas of the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, the Mother of God, baptism, and other matters that particularly were rejected by Protestant missionaries.
In his writingsFor the next twenty years, Fr. Hieromonk Job also critiqued served as the the teachings abbot (hegumen) of this monastery and engaged himself in writing and publishing theological works in an atmosphere of increased tensions. These tensions between the Orthodox and Roman Catholics concerning their doctrinal differences from Orthodox teachings, including the use of unleavened bread in heightened after the [[EucharistUnion of Brest]]in 1596. With His works were collected into ''The Book of the Union Venerable Job of BrestPochaev, the Orthodox living in GaliciaWritten by His Own Hand''. The book contained 80 teachings, Volhyniaconversations, and other areas sermons as well as excerpts of Poland were increasingly subjected to persecutions, deprivation of their rights, and were subject to intense pressures to convert to Catholicismwritings from the [[Holy Fathers]]. In his writings Fr. Job led also defended Orthodoxy against the efforts to counteract these pressures using Protestant [[Heresy|heresies]] presented by missionaries. In his works he presented the monastery printing presses and disseminating Orthodox literature. Among view of the [[dogma]]s of the literature was [[Trinity]], the printing divinity of Christ, the first complete Orthodox Bible[[Mother of God]], [[Baptism]], sponsored and other matters that particularly were rejected by Prince Constantine in 1581Protestant missionaries.
Through this public workIn his writings, Fr. Job faced growing fame that restrained his ascetic life. Finallyalso critiqued the teachings of the [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholics]] concerning their doctrinal differences from Orthodox teachings, he chose to withdraw from the world and became a hermit into including the mountain caves use of unleavened bread in the monastery at Pochaev in Volhynia[[Eucharist]]. Having joined With the [[Pochaev Lavra Union of Brest]], the Dormition Orthodox living in Galicia, Volhynia, and other areas of the Theotokos[[Poland]] in 1604were increasingly subjected to persecutions, deprivation of their rights, and were subject to intense pressures to convert to Catholicism. Fr. Job soon was chosen by led the brethren of efforts to counteract these pressures using the monastery as their abbotprinting presses and disseminating Orthodox literature. He fulfilled his duties as abbot zealously while maintaining a kind and gentle manner with Among the brethren. He actively participated in literature was the work printing of the monastery: planting trees and re-working the monastery’s waterworks. He was quiet, used few words, and constantly said the first complete [[Jesus PrayerOrthodox Study Bible|Orthodox Bible]] in a soft voice. He introduced strict discipline into the monastic life of the monastery, while living the ascetic life himself. He often retreated to his cave that was difficult to enter and so small that sitting, standing, or laying down was difficult. Kneeling, he would pray for long periods of time, wearing knee markings sponsored by Prince Constantine in the rock floor of the cave1581.
As abbot Through this public work, Fr. Job faced growing fame that restrained his ascetic life. Finally, he chose to withdraw from the world and became a hermit into the mountain caves of the monastery at Pochaev in Volhynia. Having joined the [[Pochaev Lavraof the Dormition of the Theotokos]] in 1604, Fr. Job continued taking an active part in soon was chosen by the defense brethren of Orthodoxy the [[monastery]] as their [[abbot]]. He fulfilled his duties as abbot zealously while maintaining a kind and gentle manner with the Russian people against brethren. He actively participated in the Union of Brest, making extensive use work of the famed printing press at monastery: planting trees and re-working the Lavramonastery’s waterworks. He participated in was quiet, used few words, and constantly said the [[SynodJesus Prayer]] in a soft voice. He introduced strict discipline into the monastic life of Kiev in 1628 the monastery, while living the ascetic life himself. He often retreated to his cave that was called difficult to defend the Orthodox Church against Uniatismenter and so small that sitting, standing, or laying down was difficult. Reflecting his asceticismKneeling, Hieromonk Job was tonsured with the he would [[Monastic RanksPrayer|Great Schemapray]] sometime after 1642. At this tonsure he was given for long periods of time, wearing knee markings in the new monastic name rock floor of Johnthe cave.
As abbot of the Pochaev Lavra, Job continued taking an active part in the defense of Orthodoxy and the Russian people against the Union of Brest, making extensive use of the famed printing press at the Lavra. He participated in the [[Synod]] of Kiev in 1628 that was called to defend the Orthodox Church against Uniatism.  Reflecting his asceticism, Hieromonk Job was tonsured with the [[Monastic Ranks|Great Schema]] sometime after 1642. At this tonsure he was given the new monastic name of John. Hieromonk Job fell asleep in Our Lord on [[October 25]], 1651, having directed Pochaev Lavra for over fifty years. He lived a life of over 100 years. He was glorified on [[August 8]], 1659. On [[August 28]], 1659, his [[relics]] were recovered, [[Incorruptibility|incorrupt ]] and taken to Trinity Cathedral in the Lavra.  On August 28, 1883, his relics were again moved a church in the Lavra that was [[consecration of a church|consecrated]] to his honor. August 28 is the date for annual [[pilgrimage]]s by the faithful to Pochaev Lavra to honor and venerate his relics. ==See also==* [[Pochaev Lavra of the Dormition of the Theotokos]]* [[Monastery of St. Job of Pochaev (Munich)]]
==Sources==
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Job_of_Pochayiv Wikipedia[w: Job of Pochayiv|Job of Pochayiv]]. Wikipedia.*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=103087 OCA: Job of Pochaev]*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=102415 OCA: Job of Pochaev]
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