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Alexander (Demoglou) of Corfu

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'''Alexander (Demoglou) of Rodostolou'''({{lang-el|Αλέξανδρος Δήμογλου}}; 1876, also '''Alexander [[w:Chalcedon|Chalcedon]] - 1942, [[w:Corfu (Demogloucity)|Corfu]]<ref>http://pandektis.ekt.gr/pandektis/handle/10442/64874</ref>) of America''' was the first Greek [[bishop]] to head the ethnic Greek Orthodox [[parish]]es in North America. He was appointed by the [[Metropolitan]] of Athens [[Meletius IV (Metaxakis) of Constantinople|Meletius (Metaxakis)]] during the chaotic period for the Orthodox Church of the Russian Civil and the Greek-Turkish Wars following World War I.
==Life==
The early part of the life of Abp. Alexander is largely unknown. He was the [[Auxiliary bishop|auxiliary Bishop]] of Rodostolou when, on [[October 29]], 1918, he was named the synodical vicar of the proto-[[archdiocese]], formed by Metr. Meletius of Athens, of all Greek Orthodox faithful born in North and South America, with Metr. Meletius as its head as [[Exarch]] of America. After the [[w:History_of_modern_Greece|royalists]] returned to power 1876 in Greece, MetrChalcedon. Meletius was [[deposition|deposed]], but on [[November 27]], 1921 he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in a Turkey that was also He studied at the time [[w: Dissolution_of_the_Ottoman_Empire|deposing]] the government Theological School of the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman SultanHalki]]. Meletius then returned to the United States , where he presided over a formal organization of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America]] on [[May 11]], 1922. As one of his first official decrees as [[patriarch]], Meletius appointed Bp. Alexander the [[Titular bishop|titular Bishop]] of Rodostolou as his Patriarchal Exarch graduated in America1902.
The years of AbpHe was ordained deacon in 1895 and priest in 1902. Alexander tenure were punctured by the political dispute He served in Greece between the supporters of the royal house and that Holy Metropolises of Prime Minister [[w:Eleftherios_Venizelos|Eleftherios Venizelos]] in which Metr. Meletius Ephesus, Andrianoupolis, Xanthi, Thessaloniki and AbpAthens. On 21 October 1917 Father Alexander supported Venizelos. This dispute reflected in a division among the Greek parishes in Americawas elected titular Bishop of Rodostolou.
In 1918 he traveled with Metropolitan Meletios (Metaxakis) of Athens to the Ecclesiastical Mission in America and on [[October 29]], 1918, he was named the synodical vicar of the proto-[[archdiocese]], formed by Metr. Meletius of Athens, of all Greek Orthodox faithful in North and South America, with Metr. Meletius as its head as [[Exarch]] of America. After the [[w:History of modern Greece|royalists]] returned to power in Greece, Metr. Meletius was [[deposition|deposed]], but on [[November 27]], 1921 he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in a Turkey that was also at the time [[w:Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire|deposing]] the government of the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman Sultan]]. Meletius then returned to the United States where he presided over the formal organization of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America]] on [[May 11]], 1922. As one of his first official decrees as [[patriarch]], Meletius appointed Bp. Alexander the [[Titular bishop|titular Bishop]] of Rodostolou as his Patriarchal Exarch in America. The years of Abp. Alexander's tenure were punctured by the political dispute in Greece between the supporters of the royal house and that of Prime Minister [[w:Eleftherios_Venizelos|Eleftherios Venizelos]] in which Metr. Meletius and Abp. Alexander supported Venizelos. This dispute was reflected in a division among the Greek parishes in America. In 1930, the dispute had reached the point that Ecumenical Patriarch Ecumenical [[Photius II (Maniatis) of Constantinople|Photius II]], supported by the [[Church of Greece]], sent a representative as exarch, Archbishop [[Damaskinos (Papandreou) of Athens|Damaskenos ]] of Corinth, to America to begin a program on reconciliation. During the latter months of 1930, Abp. Damaskenos effected the transfer of the hierarchy hierarchs created by Patr. Metaxaki Meletius to new sees [[see]]s in Greece. After the transfer of Abp. Alexander, his successor, Archbishop [[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Athenagoras (Spyrou)]], arrived in early 1931. He arrived as the ruling hierarch supported by assistant bishops.  After his departure from his position in the Archdiocese of America, Metropolitan Alexander pastored in Corfu for twelve years to the tragic days of 1942 (German Occupation). Metropolitan Alexander of Corfu saved from execution 23 high school students when the military commander of the Ionian Islands condemned them to death as a result of their involvement in actions against Mussolini <ref>http://www.parembasis.gr/2010/10_10_20.htm</ref>.
{{start box}}
years=1918-1930|
after=[[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Athenagoras (Spyrou)]]}}
{{end box}} == Reflist =={{Reflist}}
==Sources==
*[http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith7125 The Mission of the Greek Orthodox Parish in America]*[http://orthodoxhistory.org/2010/05/24/the-russian-archbishop-welcomes-the-greek-archdiocese-1921/#comments Comments on the russian archbishop welcomes the greek archdiocese 1921]* [http://www.imcorfu.gr/mitropolites/alexandros.htm ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ ΔΗΜΟΓΛΟΥ (1930-1942)]
==External links==
*[http://goannun.org/about/historical-highlights-of-100-years/ Historical Highlights of 100 Years] *[http://www.philoptochos.org/index/history/historypt1 History of Philoptochos Part 1]*[http://www.archive.org/stream/5422062_5/5422062_5_djvu.txt Selected articles from ''Chicago Post'', ''The Greek Press'', ''Saloniki'', and ''Chicago Greek Daily'' of July 1930 to April 1931 - translations]* [http://apolitrosis.gr/Content.php?PageId=91 A. ΄ OI ΜΕΓΑΛΟΙ ΤΗΣ ΚΕΡΚΥΡΑΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΠΑΠΑΔΕΣ]* [http://www.greekencyclopedia.com/alexandros-kosm-onom-dimo-gloy-xalkidona-1876-kerkyra-1942-p346.html Αλέξανδρος (κοσμ. όνομ. Δήμογλου) (Χαλκηδόνα, 1876- Κέρκυρα, 1942).]
[[Category: Bishops]][[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Bishops of Rodostolou]]

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