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Mathurin of Larchant

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Saint '''Mathurin of Larchant''', also '''Mathurin of Sens''', or '''Maturinus''' (died cawas a Priest and Confessor of the late third and earth fourth centuries,<ref name="Mathurin">{{fr icon}} [ Saint Mathurin]. 388)</ref><ref namegroup=BUTLER"note">However according to his hagiography in Butler's ''Lives of the Saints'':<br>:"he died in peace some time before the year 388, says the new Paris Breviary.":* Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). ''[ St. Mathurin, Priest and Confessor].'' The Lives of the Saints. Volume XI: November. 1866. (</ref> was a fourth century Priest and Confessor who successfully [[Enlightener|enlightened]] his native region of [[w:Gâtinais|Gâtinais]], France,<ref group="note">In the historic [[w:Brie (region)|Brie region]] of France, the western ''Brie française,'' corresponding roughly to the modern department of [[w:Seine-et-Marne|Seine-et-Marne]] in the [[w:Île-de-France (region)|Île-de-France]] region.</ref> and was gifted with [[Wonderworker|wonderworking]] abilities as an [[Exorcism|exorcist]]. He is honoured as the apostle and patron of the historic French province of [[w:Gâtinais|Gâtinais]],<ref name="BUTLER">Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). ''[ St. Mathurin, Priest and Confessor].'' The Lives of the Saints. Volume XI: November. 1866. (</ref> and with his feast day is observed celebrated on [[November 1]].
The first source to mention St. Mathurin is the ''[[w:Martyrology of Usuard|Martyrology of Usuard]]'',<ref name="Mathurin">{{fr icon}} [ Saint Mathurin].</ref> written in 875 by a Benedictine monk of the [[w:Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés|Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés]] in Paris, his life apparently having been unknown before this time.<ref group="note">He is also Note however, he has been included for November 1 in the Latin edition of the ''[[w:Roman Martyrology|Martyrologium Romanum]]'', published by the [[Roman Catholic Church|Vatican ]] Press in 2001.</ref>
[[Image:Vue aérienne Larchant.jpg|right|thumb|Aerial photo of the Basilica of St. Mathurin, Larchant, France.]]
Mathurin was born in [[w:Larchant|Larchant]] between [[w:Nemours|Nemours]] and [[w:Malesherbes, Loiret|Malesherbes]] in [[w:Gâtinais|Gâtinais]], in northern France. His parents, Marinus and Euphemia, were [[Paganism|pagans]], and his father had even been entrusted by the Roman Emperor [[w:Maximian|Maximian]] with the task of exterminating the Christians in the country.
As soon as Saint Maturinus heard the [[Gospel|Good News]], his heart was entirely converted to [[Christ]], and he sold everything he owned to possess the pearl of great price. Mathurin was secretly [[Baptism|baptized]] by Bishop Polycarp of Sens at the age of twelve, and eventually he converted his own parents.
He was [[Ordination|ordained]] to the [[Presbyter|priesthood]] at the age of twenty by Bishop Polycarp of Sens, and began to perform miracles, having a special gift for curing diseases of the soul and body.<ref name=GALERIE>{{fr icon}} [ La galerie des saints de la maison saint Jean-Baptiste]. 15 Octobre 2009.</ref> It has also been suggested that he baptized Emperor [[w:Constantius Chlorus|Constantius Chlorus]] in the fountain of Larchant.<refname=FR-WIKI>{{fr icon}} [ Mathurin de Larchant]. French Wikipedia.</ref>
His bishop respected him so much, that he gave Mathurin the government of the diocese when he had to leave for Rome. Mathurin then preached the [[Gospel]] to Gatinais with such success, that he converted the whole province to Christ.<ref name="BUTLER"/>
His fame grew to such an extent, that Emperor [[w:Maximian|Maximian]] himself requested that Maturinus come to Rome , towards 310 AD,<ref name="FR-WIKI"/> so that his daughter-in-law [[w:Flavia Maximiana Theodora|Flavia Maximiana Theodora]], who had been possessed by an evil spirit, could be cured by the saint. Mathurin thus went to Rome where he expelled the demon from Theodora’s body.
Mathurin lived for three more years in the Eternal City (Rome), interceding with the emperor on behalf of persecuted Christians.<ref name="Mathurin"/>
He died in peace some time before the year 388 and was buried in a Roman cemetery. However, Mathurin miraculously indicated that he wished to be buried in Larchant, and so his body was taken to Sens, and then back to Larchant, which became a [[pilgrimage]] site.
[[Image:Basilica of Saint-Mathurin.jpg|right|thumb|View of the Basilica of St. Mathurin, Larchant, France.]]
When the canons of [[w:Notre Dame de Paris|Notre-Dame de Paris]] were put in possession of [[w:Larchant|Larchant]] in 1004, they gained the Saints [[relics]]. They kept a part in Larchant and placed the other part in the chapel of Saint-Mathurin which they built in Paris in the [[w:Latin Quarter, Paris|Latin Quarter]].<ref name="Mathurin"/>
In [[w:Larchant|Larchant]], a church was dedicated to him in 1153, which was carefully reconstructed by the canons of Notre-Dame de Paris. It was flooded with [[Pilgrimage|pilgrims]] and the sick for centuries, particularly at [[Pentecost]].<ref name="GALERIE"/> Several kings of France including [[w:Louis XI of France|Louis XI]], [[w:Francis I of France|Francis I]] and [[w:Henry IV of France|Henry IV]] made ​​pilgrimages to Larchant.<ref name="Mathurin"/> Unfortunately, his shrine was burnt by the [[w:Huguenot|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) in 1568, and his relics were destroyed.<ref name="BUTLER"/>
Saint Mathurin was also commemorated by the [[w:Trinitarian Order|Trinitarian]] friars in France , known as ''“Mathurins”'' because they were based in the Parisian church of Saint-Mathurin from 1228 onwards.<ref group="note">"MATHURINS, or BRETHREN OF THE HOLY TRINITY, an order of monks which arose at the end of the 12th century, and got this name from having a church at Paris which claims St. Mathurin for its patron saint. All their churches were dedicated to the Holy Trinity. Sometimes they are called ''Brethren of the Redemption of Captives,'' because originating at the period of the Crusades, they gave their labor and a third of their revenue to liberate Christian captives from Mohammedan masters. Their founders were two French recluses in the diocese of Meaux - [[w:John of Matha|Jean de Mattia]] and [[w:Felix of Valois|Felix de Valois]]. By some they seem to have been called the ''Order of Asses,'' as they were permitted to use those animals only, and were debarred from riding on horses. A similar order was founded in Spain in 1228, and there called the ''Order of St. Mary.''"<br>:* ''"Mathurins".'' In: Rev. John M'Clintock & James Strong. '''Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature.''' Vol. V - K,L,Mc. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1882. p.879.</ref> In addition, the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris kept their great seal in the Church of Saint-Mathurin (Paris).<ref>René Gandilhon. ''Sigillographie des universités de France.'' Paris, 1952.</ref>
Due to his deliverance of the girl with the evil spirit, Saint Mathurin is invoked against particular obsessions, madness, insanity, and as a protector patron saint of [[w:Lunatic|lunatics]] (fools, mentally ill).<ref name="MATURINO">{{it icon}} [ San Maturino].</ref> The faculty of medicine of the University of Paris kept their great seal safely in the Church of Saint-Mathurin.<ref>René Gandilhon. ''Sigillographie des universités de France.'' Paris, 1952.</ref> By extension he also became the patron saint of comic actors, jesters, and clowns,<ref name="Mathurin"/> as well as the patron saint of sailors (in Brittany),<ref name="Mathurin"/> of tinmen (in Paris), and of plumbers.<ref name="MATURINO"/> ==Gallery==<center><gallery> Image:St Mathurin de Larchant.jpg Image:Saintmathurin t2.gif </gallery></center>
* {{fr icon}} [ La galerie des saints de la maison saint Jean-Baptiste]. 15 Octobre 2009.
* {{fr icon}} Hippolyte Gancel. ''[ Les Saints qui guérissent en Normandie].'' Ouest-France, 2006. 253pp. ISBN 9782737335655
* {{fr icon}} Association Culturelle de Larchant. ''[ La vie historiée de saint Mathurin],'' and ''[ La vie de saint Mathurin].''
* {{fr icon}} L'Eglise Syriaque-Orthodoxe Antiochienne en Région Parisiènne (Blog). ''[ Saint Mathurin Exorciste du IV siècles].''<br>
:::(see: ''Prière à Saint Mathurin,'' and ''Litanie de saint Mathurin'')
[[Category:4th-century saints]]

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